Related Projects

Development of decision criteria concerning participation in EIA procedures according to the ESPOO-Convention

The Espoo-Convention regulates approval procedures for technical plants which can lead to cross-boarder environmental impacts. In this project, a decision procedure was developed (indicators, scientific foundation) with the aim that the Austrian Ministry can decide in an early stage of an international participation procedure, when no complete information is given, if a participation of Austria should be aspired. See also Seibert et al. 2004


ENSEMBLE is a project which aims at providing effective communication procedures and software tools for reconciliation and harmonisation of disparate national long-range dispersion forecasts across Europe during a nuclear accident. It provides a true real-time Web-based and user-friendly decision support system for long-range atmospheric dispersion data exchange and model evaluation.


FLEXTRA and FLEXPART are an atmospheric trajectory and a particle dispersion model, respectively, that are used by a growing user community. FLEXPART is a Lagrangian dispersion model originally developed at BOKU-Met. The main developer, Andreas Stohl, continues to work on the model at the Norwegian Institute for Air Research in the Department of Atmospheric and Climate Research (NILU), with contributions of, inter alia, BOKU-Met. See also Stohl et al. 2005


Riskmap was a project in which a map of the nuclear risk in Europe has been developed as a discussion base for international nuclear liability law. Geographical distribution of the nuclear risk in Europe due to civil nuclear power plants (NPP) was calculated in order to:

  • make visible the transborder risk
  • depict the relative significance of each single NPP for a given area
  • produce export-import matrices of the nuclear risk (liability regulations in the "Vienna Convention" and "Paris Convention"

Previous Publications

AG Proben 2010

AG Proben (2010): Probenahmeplan. Organisation und Durchführung von Probenahmen bei großräumiger radioaktiver Kontamination Erarbeitet von der AG Proben des Staatlichen Krisen- und Katastrophenschutzmanagements (SKKM) Stand: 5. Oktober 2010 Download

Andreev et al. 1998

Andreev, I., Hittenberger, M., Hofer, P., Kromp-Kolb, H., Kromp, W., Seibert, P., Wotawa, G. (1998): Risks due to beyond design base accidents of nuclear power plants in Europe – the methodology of Riskmap. J. Hazardous Materials, 61, 257-262.

AREVA 2009

AREVA (2009): US EPR Final Safety Analysis and Environmental Report. Download

BKA 1991

BKA (1991): Radioaktivitätsmessungen in Österreich 1988 und 1989. Daten und Bewertung. Beiträge 2/91, Forschungsberichte, Hrsg. BKA Sektion VII.

CIESIN (1995)

CIESIN (1995): Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3). Palisades, NY: Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), Columbia University. Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University; and Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT).  Available here

Council Directive 96/29/Euratom

Council Directive 96/29/Euratom of 13 May 1996 laying down basic safety standards for the protection of the health of workers and the general public against the dangers arising from ionizing radiation.

Council Regulation (EC) 733/2008

Council Regulation (EC) 733/2008 of 15 July 2008 on the conditions governing imports of agricultural products originating in third countries following the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station (codified version).

Council Regulation 3954/87 Euratom

Council Regulation 3954/87 Euratom of December 1987 laying down maximum permitted levels of radioactive contamination of foodstuffs and of feedingstuffs following a nuclear accident or any other case of radiological emergency.

Eckermann und Leggett 1996

Eckerman, K.F.; Leggett, R.W. (1996): DCFPAK: Dose coefficient data file package for Sanida National laboratory, ORNL/TM-13347, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Download

Frank et al. 2003

Frank, A., Seibert, P., Kromp-Kolb, H. (2003): Vergleich von Ausbreitungsrechnungen mit TAMOS und Flexpart Version 4 im Rahmen des internationalen Projekts ENSEMBLE, Beitrag zu Projekt PN1 (Item 7a) "Severe Accidents Related Issues" der Roadmap Österreich-Tschechien. Bericht im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamts Wien

Health Canada 1999

Health Canada (1999): Recommendations on Dose Coefficients for Assessing Doses from Accidental Radionuclide Releases to the Environment. Prepared by a Joint Working Group of Radiation Protection Bureau, Health Canada, Atomic Energy Control Board, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, March 1999. Download

Hofer et al. 2000

Hofer, P., Seibert, P., Andreev, I., Gohla, H., Kromp-Kolb, H., Kromp, W. (2000): Risks Due to Severe Accidents of Nuclear Power Plants in Europe - the Methodology of Riskmap. In: ESEE (Ed.): Transitions towards a sustainable Europe. Ecology Economy - Policy. 3rd Biennial Conference of the European Society for Ecological Economics , 4-6 May 2000.

IAEA 2011

IAEA (2011): Criteria for Use in Preparedness and Response for a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency. IAEA Safety Standards, General Safety Guide No. GSG-2, jointly sponsored by the FAO, IAEA, ILO, PAHO, WHO, Vienna. Download

ICRP 1996

ICRP (1996): The ICRP Database of Dose Coefficients: Workers and Members of the Public. An Extension of ICRP Publications 68 and 72, Prepared by the Task Group on Dose Calculations of Committee 2 of the ICRP, CD-Rom, Pergamon.

ICRP 2011

ICRP (2011): Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident. ICRP ref: 4847-5603-4313, March 21, 2011, (seen 03-21-2011).

IntV 2007

IntV (2007): 145. Verordnung des Bundesministers für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft über Interventionen bei radiologischen Notstandssituationen und bei dauerhaften Strahlenexpositionen (Interventionsverordnung – IntV). Ausgegeben am 26. Juni 2007. Download

Kromp-Kolb and Molin 2007

Kromp-Kolb, H.; Molin, A. et al. (2007): Nuclear Power, Climate Policy and Sustainability. An Assessment by the Austrian Nuclear Advisory Board, 292 S., BMLFUW, Vienna. Download

Müller et al. (2003)

Müller, H.; Gering, F.; Pröhl, G. (2003): Model Description of the Terrestrial Food Chain and Dose Module FDMT in RODOS PV6.0, RODOS(RA3)-TN(03)06, GSF (1996).

National Report Belarus 2006

National Report Belarus (2006): 20 Years after the Chernobyl Catastrophe: The consequences in the Republic of Belarus and their overcoming. Shevchik, V.E.; Gurachevsky, V.L. (Hrsg.), Committee on the Problems of the Consequences of the Catastrophe at the Chernobyl NPP under the Belarusian Council of Ministers, Minsk. Download

NEA 2008

NEA (2008): Nuclear Energy Outlook, OECD, Paris.

Prognos 2009

Deutsch, M., Hobohm, J., Krampe, L., Mellahn, S., Rits, V., Seidel, C. (2009): A Renaissance of Nuclear Energy? Analysis of the conditions regarding a worldwide expansion of nuclear energy according to the plans of the nuclear industry and various scenarios of the Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD. Commissioned by The Federal Office for Radiation Protection, Germany, Prognos, Berlin/Basel. Download

Rahmenempfehlungen 1992

Rahmenempfehlungen (1992): Rahmenempfehlungen für die Festlegung und Durchführung von Maßnahmen zum Schutz der Bevölkerung vor ionisierender Strahlung in Fällen großräumiger radioaktiver Verunreinigung. 3. erweiterte Auflage, Forschungsberichte des BM für Gesundheit, Sport und Konsumentenschutz, Sektion III, 3/92. Download

Seibert et al. 2004

Seibert, P., Frank, A., Formayer, H., Wenisch, A., Mraz, G. (2004): Entwicklung von Entscheidungskriterien betreffend die Beteiligung an UVP Verfahren entsprechend der Espoo-Konvention, Wien. Nicht öffentlicher Bericht im Auftrag des BMLFUW.

Seibert and Frank 2004

Seibert, P.; Frank, A. (2004): Source-receptor matrix calculation with a Lagrangian particle dispersion model in backward mode. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 51-63, 2004. Download

SSK 2003

SSK (2003): Leitfaden für den Fachberater Strahlenschutz der Katastrophenschutzleitung bei kerntechnischen Notfällen, SSK des BM für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, Heft 37, Download

SSK 2008

SSK (2008): Radiologische Grundlagen für Entscheidungen über Maßnahmen zum Schutz der Bevölkerung bei unfallbedingten Freisetzungen von Radionukliden. Empfehlung der Strahlenschutzkommission. Redaktionelle Überarbeitung der gleichnamigen Veröffentlichung aus dem Jahr 1999. Stand 21.09.2008. Download

SSK 2008b

SSK (2008b): Übersicht über Maßnahmen zur Verringerung der Strahlenexposition nach Ereignissen mit nicht unerheblichen radiologischen Auswirkungen. Überarbeitung des Maßnahmenkatalogs Band 1 und 2. Empfehlung der Strahlenschutzkommission. Verabschiedet in der 220. Sitzung der Strahlenschutzkommission am 5./6. Dezember 2007, Stand 29.8.2008.

Stohl et al. 2005

Stohl, A., Forster, C., Frank, A., Seibert, P., and Wotawa, G. (2005): Technical note: The Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART version 6.2., Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 2461–2474. Download

Stohl et al. 2012

Stohl, A., Seibert, P., Wotawa, G., Arnold, D., Burkhart, J.F., Eckhardt, S., Tapia, C., Vargas, A., and Yasunari, T.J. (2012): Xenon-133 and caesium-137 releases into the atmosphere from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant: determination of the source term, atmospheric dispersion, and deposition, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 2313-2343. Download

Uppala et al. 2008

Uppala S., Dee D. Kobayashi S., Berrisford P., Simmons A. (2008): Towards a climate data assimilation system: status update of ERA-Interim. ECMWF Newsletter No. 115, 12-18. Download

WNA (ongoing)

WNA (ongoing): Averting the Danger of Catastrophic Climate Change: Is the Nuclear Renaissance Essential? WNA Nuclear Century Outlook. Download pdf. Download latest table.

Wotawa et al. 2003

Wotawa, G., et al. (2003). Atmospheric transport modelling in support of CTBT verification - Overview and basic concepts. Atmospheric Environment 37, 2529-2537.